Putting together a good resume

A curriculum vitae - or simply CV - is a document that shows recruiters your professional background, including previous experience and educational background.
A curriculum vitae – or simply CV – is a document that shows recruiters your professional background, including previous experience and educational background.

 Basically, there are two ways to present this information. The first is the CV itself, which is more extensive and goes into greater detail. The second model is succinct and is known in North America as a résumé (a word borrowed from French). This document is generally around one page in length but could extend to two.

In general, when a company advertises a vacancy, recruiters prefer to receive a résumé as they are expecting many candidates to apply for the opening.


I always recommend that my clients submit a résumé, where the information is listed in chronologically related topics, including the link to your LinkedIn profile.

LinkedIn is a professional relationship platform in which you can list all your regular and extension courses – as well as all your jobs and volunteer activities throughout your professional career. In your résumé, the LinkedIn link will only take up one line!

However, before writing your résumé, I suggest you write a good curriculum vitae, with all the information about your career. So, depending on the goal you intend to achieve, you will only need to eliminate parts of it, turning it into a great résumé.

When searching for CV or résumé templates, you will find various types – traditional, professional, contemporary, charismatic, modern, etc. My recommendation, again, is for you to stick with the well-known traditional model, adapting it according to the company and the position you are applying for.


1) At the top of the CV, write your name. Only use the uppercase for the first letter of each of your names, use a font that is larger than the rest of the document, preferably in bold.

Just below the name, enter your contact details: physical address, telephone, email and, if you have a LinkedIn profile, the respective link.

2) Next, open a new block to provide a summary – in two or three lines – of your main achievements or activities throughout your career.


You can separate each block using horizontal lines.


3) In the third block, describe your main skills or qualities related to the desired position. For example: able to work well in a team; knowledge of spreadsheets; experience using X software.

4) In the fourth block, describe your educational background, from the highest level to the lowest. If you have a doctorate, adding the master’s and undergraduate degree is enough. However, if you are studying for an undergraduate degree, it is good to include where you completed high school. List the institutions in a standard format: Name of university/school, city, state and country, start and end years, and the course taken.

5) In the fifth block, list in chronological order – from the most recent to the oldest – your professional experiences. Indicate where and when you worked and the main activities carried out in each organization.

In the CV, you should list all of your work experiences. However, in the résumé, limit it to the three most relevant, according to the position that you are applying for.

As with the educational institution list, the presentation of your professional experience should be in the same format: company name, city, state/province and country, start date and end date, and job title. Below, describe the main activities performed (at the most, three lines for each job).

6) You can also create blocks for voluntary activities and complementary training – such as extension and further training courses. These blocks will follow the same models as items 4 and 5.

Some résumés may include your purpose right in the second block, – although this is a somewhat old-fashioned practice. But in certain cases, if your goal is aligned with the position the organization is offering, this can be well regarded by the recruiters. They will realize that you are focused and know exactly what you want from the career.

Remember: In general, recruiters spend a short amount of time on each résumé. Therefore:

Ensure that the information in the résumé is fully aligned with the position you are seeking in the organization;

Use keywords when discussing your qualifications, which have to do with the position offered by the organization;

Study the organization and skills required for the position you are applying for. This will make it easier for you to choose your keywords and make your résumé more effective.


It is becoming, more and more common, for companies to request a blind résumé. This practice has been common in North America and European countries, and even in Brazil, there are already some companies working this way.

It is a document without information that could identify the candidate’s background, race, or gender. Therefore, this type of CV or résumé should not contain personal data.

Be aware of what the recruiter is asking for and do not waste your selection time. Be among the candidates with the potential to be selected at least for the second stage: the job interview.

Nara Maria Müller
Administradora – CRA 18245
Consultora organizacional – Master and Executive Coach at UNLOCK TRAINING

Coordenadora da Câmara de Ensino do CRA-RS (2017-19)